This origin is still in doubt, however, since the first known images of Kokopelli predate the major era of Mesoamerican-Ancestral Pueblo peoples trade by several hundred years.
There is another story from the Hopi Culture that talks about Kokopele being a hunchbacked member of the village who tricks the village beauty into having sex with him.
These traders brought their goods in sacks slung across their backs and this sack may have evolved into Kokopelli's familiar hump; some tribes consider Kokopelli to have been a trader.
These men may also have used flutes to announce themselves as friendly as they approached a settlement.
His image adorns countless items such as T-shirts, ball caps, and key-chains.
Another theory is that Kokopelli is actually an anthropomorphic insect.
He often takes part in rituals relating to marriage, and Kokopelli himself is sometimes depicted with a consort, a woman called Kokopelmimi by the Hopi.
It is said that Kokopelli can be seen on the full and waning moon, much like the "rabbit on the moon".
Many of the earliest depictions of Kokopelli make him very insect-like in appearance.
The name "Kokopelli" may be a combination of "Koko", another Hopi and Zuni deity, and "pelli", the Hopi and Zuni word for the desert robber fly, an insect with a prominent proboscis and a rounded back, which is also noted for its zealous sexual proclivities.